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Posted on | June 20, 2012 | Comments Off on Mobil

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HistoryFollowing the break-up of Standard Oil in 1911 the Standard Oil Company of New York or Socony was founded, along with 33 other successor companies. In 1920 the company registered the name “Mobiloil” as a trademark.Henry Clay Folger was head of the company until 1923, when he was succeeded by Herbert L. Pratt. Beginning February 29, 1928 on NBC, Socony Oil reached radio listeners with a comedy program, Soconyland Sketches, scripted by William Ford Manley and featuring Arthur Allen and Parker Fennelly as rural New Englanders. Socony continued to sponsor the show when it moved to CBS (193435).In 1931, Socony merged with Vacuum Oil to form Socony-Vacuum. In 1933, Jersey Standard (with oil production and refineries in Indonesia) and Socony-Vacuum merged their interests in the region into a 50-50 joint venture. Standard-Vacuum Oil Co., or “Stanvac,” operated in 50 countries, from East Africa to New Zealand, before it was dissolved in 1962.The Mobil Economy Run generated publicity and promotions such as this 1962 advertisement by Champion spark plugs with a Rambler American.In 1955, Socony-Vacuum was renamed Socony Mobil Oil Company. In 1963, it changed its trade name from “Mobilgas” to simply “Mobil”, introducing a new logo. To celebrate its 100th anniversary in 1966, “Socony” was dropped from the corporate name.From 1936 to 1968, Mobil sponsored an economy run each year (except during World War II) in which domestic automobiles of various manufacturers in several price and size classes were driven by light-footed drivers on cross-country runs. The Economy Run originated with the Gilmore Oil Company of California in 1936 (which was purchased by Socony-Vacuum in 1940) and later became the Mobilgas Economy Run and still later, the Mobil Economy Run. The cars driven in the economy run were fueled with Mobil gasoline and Mobiloil and lubricants were also used. The vehicles in each class that achieved the highest fuel economy numbers were awarded the coveted title as the Mobilgas Economy Run winner.Through the years, Mobil was among the largest sellers of gasoline and motor oils in the United States and even held the top spot during the 1940s and much of the 1950s. Various Mobil products during the Socony-Vacuum and Socony-Mobil years included Metro, Mobilgas and Mobilgas Special gasolines; Mobilfuel Diesel, Mobil-flame heating oil, Mobil Kerosine, Lubrite, Gargoyle, Mobiloil and Mobiloil Special motor oils; Mobilgrease, Mobillubrication, Mobil Upperlube, Mobil Freezone and Permazone antifreezes, Mobilfluid automatic transmission fluid, Mobil Premiere tires, Mobil Stop-Leak, Mobil Lustrecloth, among many others.In 1954, Mobil introduced a new and improved Mobilgas Special in response to trends toward new automobiles powered by high-compression engines that demanded higher and higher octane gasolines. The newest formulas of Mobilgas Special was advertised as offering “A Tune-Up in Every Tankful” due to a combination of chemicals known as the “Mobil Power Compound” which was designed to increase power, check pre-ignition ping, correct spark plug misfiring, control stalling and combat gumming up of carburetors. Later Mobil campaigns advertised Mobilgas as the “New Car Gasoline” following extensive testing during the annual Mobilgas Economy Run.Antique pumps, manufactured by Tokheim, using the pre-1962 “Mobilgas” product nameIn 1962, the gasoline product lines marketed as Mobilgas and Mobilgas Special were rebranded as Mobil Regular and Mobil Premium in a move to emphasize the shortened brand name “Mobil” in promotional efforts although Mobiloil continued as a single word term until the 1970s. After a few years of advertising Mobil gasolines as “Megatane”-rated and as “High Energy” gasolines, Mobil in 1966 began promoting both its Regular and Premium fuels as “Detergent Gasolines” due to additives designed to clean carburetors and various internal engine parts. During the early 1970s, Mobil ran a TV commercial featuring a character known as Mr. Dirt to show the ruinous effects that dirt had on automotive engines for which a tank of Mobil Detergent Gasoline could provide a cure and preventive medicine against damage that could lead to costly repairs. Speaking of detergent gasolines, as automakers were switching en masse from carbureted to fuel injected engines during the early to mid 1980s and detergent additives which existed in most available gasolines were insufficient to prevent injection clogging leading to drivability problems, Mobil received accolades from General Motors and other automakers for increasing the detergency of its Super Unleaded gasoline in 1984 to prevent formation or deposit build-ups of the injectors but also remove existing deposits as well in normal driving. At the end of the 1980s Mobil sold its fuel stations in Norway, Sweden and Denmark to Norsk Hydro, who converted them into Hydro stations.William P. Tavoulareas was President of Mobil Corporation until succeeded by Allen E. Murray in 1984.Mobil moved its headquarters from New York to Fairfax County, Virginia in 1987.In 1998 Mobil and Exxon agreed on a merger to create ExxonMobil, which was completed on November 30, 1999. Lou Noto was Chairman of Mobil at the time of the merger.[citation needed]When Exxon Corporation merged with Mobil Corporation in 1999, the newly-merged company ended enrollment in Mobil Corporation’s domestic partner benefits for same-sex partners of employees, and it rescinded formal prohibitions against discrimination based on sexual orientation by removing it from the company’s Equal Employment Opportunity policy. Mobil brandsMobil continues to operate as a major brandname of ExxonMobil. Many of its products feature the Mobil symbol of a winged red horse, Pegasus, which has been a company trademark since its affiliation with Magnolia Petroleum Company in the 1930s. Mobil encompasses three brands: MobilA typical Mobil gas stationMobil Pegasus logoThe wider Mobil brand encompasses the Mobil service station and fuel (gasoline, diesel, heating oil, kerosene, aviation fuels and marine fuel) divisions. The Mobil brand also covers the wide range of lubricants (commercial & industrial, aviation and marine). Mobil 1Main article: Mobil 1Mobil 1 is a brand name of ExxonMobil. It was introduced in 1974 as a single grade 5w viscosity synthetic motor oil. The brand now includes multi-grade motor oils, oil filters, synthetic grease, transmission fluids, and gear lubricants. It is the GM warranty requirement for the Chevrolet Corvette. Mobil DelvacMobil Delvac is a range of heavy-duty lubricants; including engines oils, drivetrain lubricants and greases. Mobil Travel GuideThe Mobil Guide is a book of hotel and restaurant recommendations based on a system developed by Mobil in 1958. Businesses are rated from one to five stars according to their assessed quality, and Mobil updates the guide yearly. Lukoil TransactionIn 2000, Lukoil purchased the remaining assets of Getty Oil, and began opening Lukoil stations in the US in 2003. Most of the US Lukoil locations are converted Getty stations, although some are also converted Mobil stations bought from ConocoPhillips when that company left the Northeast.In Spring 2004, Lukoil purchased 779 Mobil gas stations throughout New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and in 2005 began converting them to the Lukoil brand. Most New Jersey Mobil locations were converted to Lukoil stations. Mobil UKVacuum Oil Company started selling lubricating oils in Europe in the late 19th century. By the 1930s its Mobiloil had become one of the main brands. Mobil gradually expanded its operation into fuels retailing as well, and opened its first UK service stations in the early 1950s, after the wartime POOL monopoly was disbanded. Mobil grew to become the seventh largest brand of petrol in Britain supplying 1,990 outlets in 1965, and claimed in the mid-1960s to be the first company to operate 100 self-service stations. As well as its downstream interests, Mobil was active in the North Sea and operated an oil refinery in Coryton (opened in 1953), on the Thames estuary. In 1996, Mobil’s fuels operations in Europe were placed into a joint venture 70% owned by BP and the Mobil brand disappeared from service stations. Mobil continued to sell lubricants through BP and independent service stations. Following Mobil’s merger with Exxon, at the start of 2000 BP acquired all the petrol retailing assets as well as the Coryton refinery (but sold it to Petroplus in 2007). Mobil returned to being purely a lubricant brand in Europe, and became the premium quality oil on sale at Esso service stations.A Mobil Handy Mart petrol station in Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia Mobil AustraliaThe Vacuum Oil Company began operating in Australia in 1895, introducing its Plume brand of petrol in 1916. The Flying Red Horse logo was introduced in 1939, and in 1954 the Plume brand was replaced by Mobilgas.Mobil constructed its Altona refinery in Melbourne in 1946, originally producing lubricating oils and bitumen, before producing motor vehicle fuels in 1956. A second refinery at Port Stanvac, south of Adelaide, came on stream in 1963, before being closed in 2003. Mobil commenced removal of the refinery in July 2009, together with site remediation works.In 1990 Mobil acquired the service station network of Esso Australia. On 27 May 2009, Caltex Oil Australia Ltd. announced it would be acquiring 302 Mobil service stations in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide, subject to approval of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission The ACCC subsequently announced its opposition to the takeover,citing the likelihood of increased fuel prices due to diminished competition. References^ Mobil Corporation^ Headquarters^ “Business & Finance: Socony-Vacuum Corp.”, Time, 1931-08-10, retrieved on 2009-12-10.^ Dawson, Jennifer. “Exxon Mobil campus learly happening.” Houston Business Journal. Friday January 15, 2010. 2. Retrieved on January 16, 2010.^ “Human Rights Campaign – Equality at Exxon Mobil Corporation”. Retrieved 2008-03-07. ^ Jamieson oil industry history^ Mobil news^ The Australian^ “Watchdog blocks Caltex bid”, Sydney Morning Herald,, retrieved 2009-03-12  External linksWikimedia Commons has media related to: MobilExxon Mobil Corporate WebsiteMobil Official WebsiteMobil Travel Guide Categories: ExxonMobil | Chemical companies of the United States | Oil companies of the United States | 1920s American radio programs | Automotive companies of the United States | Automotive fuel brands | Companies established in 1911 | Multinational companies | Oil and gas companies of Australia | Oil companies of Germany | Gas stations in Canada | Companies based in VirginiaHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements from January 2010

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